The collection of musical instruments of the Russian National Museum of Music is one of the largest and most significant in the world in terms of its scientific and historical value. It has more than 3,000 musical instruments and is constantly updated with new exhibits.
The exhibition presents about a thousand of the most interesting and culturally-historical exhibits. Here, instruments of different historical eras, countries and continents are combined in time and space: traditional instruments of the peoples of the world, professional instruments of the European tradition, musical instruments that are ubiquitous mainly in the amateur environment, mechanical and first electronic instruments, early samples of sound recording and reproducing devices.
The traditional musical instruments on display are the most characteristic of each country, but at the same time they have features characteristic of the musical culture of the whole region. Professional tools are represented by the most valuable, having great scientific and historical value instances. Their sequence allows us to trace the important stages in the development and improvement of a particular type of instrument. Many tools attract with the brightness and sophistication of decorative finishes, original forms or materials of manufacture.
The pride of the museum collection is memorial instruments, among which the balalaika of virtuoso performer, organizer and leader of the first orchestra of Russian folk instruments V.V. Andreeva; "Enharmonic grand piano" of the famous Russian writer, philosopher and musician Prince V.F. Odoevsky, harmonium S.V. Rachmaninov, violin D.F. Oistrakh, harp K.A. Airedale, pipe M.I. Tabakova, saxophones of the jazz musician G.A. Garanyan, the "giant drum kit" of the famous drummer R. Shafi.
The exposition "Musical Instruments of the World" is located in five rooms, each of which is made in a special color artistic design.
The first hall presents a collection of musical instruments of the peoples of Russia, which is one of the most extensive and historically valuable in the museum collection. It includes both Russian folk instruments and traditional instruments of the peoples of the Volga region, the North Caucasus, Siberia and the Far East. A collection of European musical instruments can be seen in the second room, which presents both traditional folk instruments and instruments that have become widespread in the musical life of many countries. Musical instruments of the peoples of Africa, Cuba and Latin America make up the exposition of the third hall. The fourth hall presents varieties of string, wind and percussion instruments that make up the opera, symphony and wind orchestras. The exposition of the fifth hall demonstrates various mechanical instruments - music boxes, boxes, a barrel organ, a piano with a mechanical device, as well as the first sound recording and reproducing devices.